Table tennis is one of the most exciting sports spectacles, and officiating matches requires a special set of rules and regulations. In order to ensure a fair and enjoyable game, it is important for umpires to understand the laws and regulations that apply to table tennis. In principle, the arbitrator has no discretionary power. Therefore, domestic and international arbitrators and arbitrators must wear a standard uniform while officiating.
According to table tennis laws, a player can win a table tennis game by scoring 11 points, with one point awarded for each violation. Each player can serve twice in a row. The first to score 11 points will be declared the winner. Before a match, match scoring indicators should be left blank and not set to 0-0 (see Appendix A) until both players or pairs arrive at the playing area, as a guide for whoever controls the game program. The referee must observe the order of the strokes at the start of the game and of the first server of each game, so that any errors can be corrected by referring to the corresponding starting point.
The correct use of scoring indicators is an important element in the presentation of a match and the referee must ensure that the referees who direct them know their functions. The pace of modern table tennis, especially when playing in warm conditions, makes it necessary to take occasional towel breaks, but those breaks are now limited to specific stages of the game. The referee may postpone the match until proper playing conditions are restored or may transfer the match to another table, but, if the deficiencies are minor, he or she and the players may agree to ignore it and play the game under less than ideal conditions. Although there is no longer any specific regulation on counseling between the end of training and the start of the game, it must be actively discouraged, as it would delay the start of the match. If the match is not over, the “unused” points are carried over to the next game of that individual match, so that it starts with a score of 0-1 or 0-2 in favor of the offender's opponent (but, if the match is over, they should be ignored).Because of this, most referees do not apply the rule strictly and it would be impossible to play table tennis in a wheelchair if “moving the playing surface” were imposed. So here's a summary of all rules and regulations that any table tennis umpire should know (compiled by Meratthich).
The violation can be repeated at a critical phase of the match, and a player sanctioned at that time can justifiably protest because he has not been given any prior indication that the action was illegal. Umpiring table tennis matches requires knowledge of all applicable laws and regulations. It is important for umpires to wear standard uniforms while officiating matches. Match scoring indicators should be left blank until both players or pairs arrive at the playing area. Umpires must observe order of strokes at start of game and first server.
Towel breaks are limited to specific stages of game. Counseling between end of training and start of game must be actively discouraged. Unused points are carried over to next game if match is not over. Moving playing surface is not allowed in wheelchair table tennis matches.
Umpires must be aware of all rules and regulations in order to ensure fair play.